What You May Not Know About the International Baccalaureate

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For Legislators:  Facts You May Not Know About the IBO and IB DP
(International Baccalaureate Organization – IB Diploma Programme)

Fiscal-Accountability-Research Considerations
• The IB is expensive and lacks fiscal restraint[1, 2] when Utah shows nearly $20 billion in debt.[3]
• The IB is neither transparent nor accountable to the Utah State Office of Education or the Utah State Legislature.[4]
• The IB requires an international contract with arbitration under Swiss law.[5]
• The IB is over-rated and lacks substantive research and shows no significant difference against competitive programs such as the Advanced Placement Program to justify its costly materials and professional development.[6]

Political-Philosophical-Religious Considerations
• In 1924 the finest secular “humanist and liberal” minds of Oxford-Cambridge founded the concept of an IB [7, 8] with the intent to educate children of League of Nations (called Ecolint), and later U.N., employees and ambassadors from many nations.[9]
• In 1984 President Ronald Reagan withdrew US membership from UNESCO, saying, “It has exhibited a hostility toward the basic institutions of a free society, especially a free market and a free press.” [10] The US was required to withdraw in 2011 when the Palestinian state was recognized. [11] UNESCO is largely funded by Saudi Arabia in exchange for the right to edit our textbooks.[12]
• UNESCO was a founding IB sponsor [13] and continues to be its close ally and collaborator.[14]
• The IB publicly endorsed the UN’s radical Earth Charter as its foundational philosophy until that position became unpopular.[15] It was crafted by Mikhail Gorbachev and Maurice Strong, [16] chairman of the 1992 Rio Earth Summit whose declaration document was entitled Agenda 21.[17]
• The Earth Charter remains the IB’s core philosophy.[18] Both The Earth Charter and Agenda 21 share the same tenets:[19]
o Global unilateral disarmament (a violation of the Second Amendment);[20]
o Population control (including abortion);[21]
o Gender equality/equity (including sexual orientation-same-sex marriage)[22]
o Extremist environmental policies that infringe on private property rights and that do not need scientific research to prove they are valid;[23]
o Redistribution of wealth through a global environmental tax, already proposed federally [24] and through foreign aid to eradicate poverty,[25] undercutting domestic prosperity and free enterprise.[26]

Original source end notes
See the Senate Site for background on the 2008 session: http://senatesite.com/blog/2008/05/guest-blog-perspective-on-ib.h

1 MN Dept of Ed 2005 report to legislature. May 2008 found at: http://www.leg.state.mn.us/docs/2006/Mandated/060264.pdf

2 Timothy Magaw. “IB Curricula rigorous – and expensive” Crain’s Cleveland Business. June 18, 2012. Found at: http://www.crainscleveland.com/article/20120618/SUB1/306189990#
“During the 20-month IB authorization process, dozens of St. Ed’s teachers — some going as far as Paris and Vancouver — were trained by IB educators. For that training, St. Ed’s budgeted about $2,000 per teacher. Plus, the school conducted a feasibility study and paid a hefty application fee. 

’You don’t become an IB school just because you want to become an IB school,’ said Dr. Good, who now acts as the school’s principal. ‘It’s expensive.’”

A costly enterprise “Dr. Good wouldn’t say what St. Ed’s paid to bring the program to the school. He noted it could cost as much as $150,000 over the first two years for a school or district to train 10 or 15 teachers and earn the IB designation. St. Ed’s sent more than 40 for training around the world. 

That cost burden has dashed the dreams of many public districts looking for the designation and forced others to seek innovative ways to jump-start the program.”

3 February 6, 2013. Found at: http://www.usdebtclock.org/state-debt-clocks/state-of-utah-debt-clock.html

4 Cherilyn Bacon Eagar, personal notes from visits to Hillcrest High School and West High School, conversations with administrators; discussion with Utah State School Board Meeting, Curriculum Committee, May 9, 2008. Meeting with Brenda Hales, April 30, 2008 at West High. Contracts are between local schools and districts. The USOE had no tracking stats on cost or effectiveness, but intended to do so in the future. Some AP funds may have been used to offset IB costs. See www.CherilynEagar.com, World Class Education, IB tab.

5 See IBO website at: http://www.ibo.org/diploma/become/documents/DP_rules_en.pdf

6 Notes: There is disagreement in the literature regarding the true value of the IB Program. Some researchers (Poelzer & Feldhusen, 1996; Tookey, 1999) have endorsed the IBDP for highly capable secondary students, while others (Callahan, 2003; Gollub et al., 2002) have expressed concern regarding the breadth of the curriculum at the expense of depth, particularly in mathematics and the sciences. The first longitudinal study was launched in 2009 with a $700,000 federal grant. No results at the time of this report February 6, 2013, found at: http://ies.ed.gov/funding/grantsearch/details.asp?ID=750

7 Ian Hill, Former IBO Deputy Director‑General, in A.D.C. Peterson, Schools Across Frontiers, Chapter 11: “The People Who Made the IBO” (Open Court, 2003): 281-­‐‑285. [Alec Peterson] shaped the educational philosophy … based on his own deeply humanist and liberal beliefs.” The original school was established at Ecolint, in Geneva, Switzerland.

8 A.D.C. Peterson, Schools Across Frontiers, The Story of the International Baccalaureate and the United World Colleges (Chicago: Open Court, 2003).

9 Dr. Nicholas Tate, “What Is Education For? The Purposes of Education and Their Implications for the School Curriculum,” International Baccalaureate Organization, The Peterson Lecture, April 24, 2004, Geneva: 10. In this speech, Tate distinguishes between the purpose of international education (to educate students that come from many nations who assemble in one classroom) and what education must be within a nation. The IB is crafted for international, not national, education.

10 Susan Tifft, “Waving Goodbye to UNESCO, Time Magazine, Jan, 9, 1984. See also: Gregory J. Newell, U.S. Dept. of State Bulletin, March 1985

11 Found on February 6, 2013 at UNESCO votes to admit Palestine; US cuts off funding,” Washington Post , October 31, 2011. http://articles.washingtonpost.com/2011-10-31/world/35280204_1_israeli-drone-strike-palestinian-state-unesco

12 “UN Agency funded with Saudi money wants to edit worldwide textbooks,” Fox News, October 16, 2012, Found at: http://www.foxnews.com/world/2012/10/16/un-agency-funded-with-saudi-money-wants-to-edit-worldwide-textbooks/#ixzz29ZYKh1l6

13 Peterson: 15‑18. This account provides a comprehensive list of sponsoring organizations.

14 Peter Smith, Assistant Director‑General UNESCO, “International Education in an Era of Globalisation: What’s New.” The International Baccalaureate Organisation, Conference on International Education, Geneva, September 11, 2002. See also: Note to the Secretary-General, The celebration of the 60th Anniversary, 29 June 2005. Found at

Excerpt p.4: Two special UN teaching resource books will be published this year by the International Baccalaureate Organization and DPI, titled Sharing the Planet: Citizenship in the Primary Years and Sharing the Planet: Citizenship in the Secondary Years. Found February 6, 2013 at http://www.un.org/events/calendar/Edetail.asp?EventID=598&BeginDate=1/1/2005
15 Found April 2008 at http://www.ibo.org/ibna/actionpacks/documents/MythvFact_000.pdf

16 Note: Only less than two years after the Wall came down, Mikhail Gorbechav –still an avowed socialist – traveled to San Francisco to organize a new non-profit “Green Cross International.” According to its website, after the 1992 Rio Earth Summit “in 1994, Maurice Strong and Mikhail Gorbachev launched the Earth Charter initiative with support from the Dutch government. The Charter is a declaration of fundamental principles for building a just society with special emphasis on the world’s environmental challenges.” Found on Feb. 5, 2013 at http://www.gcint.org/what-we-do/earth-charter

17 See C-SPAN video: Opening Remarks, Maurice Strong, 1992 Earth Summit, Rio de Janeiro Found at: http://cherilyneagar.com/issues/environment/agenda-21 ; Canadian entrepreneur and former UN Undersecretary General.

18 IB Deputy Director General Ian Hill sat on the Earth Charter Commission, found at: http://www.zoominfo.com/#!search/profile/person?personId=69336515&targetid=profile The Earth Charter found at: http://www.earthcharterinaction.org/content/pages/read-the-charter.html

19 The Earth Charter found at: http://www.earthcharterinaction.org/content/pages/read-the-charter.html

20 Ian Hill, “Education for Disarmament: Curriculum Development and Ethics in International Education,” United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research, Disarmament Forum 2001:50. IB Deputy Director. See also: http://www.unidir.org/pdf/articles/pdf‑art53.pdf See also: Peter Smith, “International Education in an Era of Globalisation: What’s New.” September 11, 2002.

21 C-SPAN, Maurice Strong, 1992 Earth Summit http://cherilyneagar.com/issues/environment/agenda-21

22 Irene Dankelman, The Netherlands. Gender Equality and Equity: At the Heart of the Earth Charter. The Earth Charter in Action, pp. 104-105. Found at: http://www.earthcharterinaction.org/invent/images/uploads/ENG-Dankelman.pdf

23 The Earth Charter. See also IBO Environmental Policy: http://www.ibo.org/offices/profsupport/documents/environmentalpolicynew.pdf

24 The Earth Charter; Carolyn Lochhead, “Barbara Boxer see carbon tax in the mix” Union Times Jan. 22, 2013. At http://blog.timesunion.com/politicssource/barbara-boxer-sees-carbon-tax-in-the-mix/4709/

25 The Earth Charter; See also IB lesson plan: http://globalengage.ibo.org/eng/ib-global-lessons-2008-global-poverty

26 For a review of three videos, Maurice Strong at the Earth Summit 1992; Tom DeWeese on Agenda 21; and, President Obama telling the American people why they need to pay more taxes on electricity go to:


These are the ideals being taught in the International Baccalaureate and infused throughout other curricula in U.S. schools. These are also the policies that are harming our prosperity and economy. Our children deserve better.

  1. Henrypeterson - November 4, 2013

    Much of this article is total nonsense.  The IB was not founded in the 1920s but developed in the 1960s and 1970s out of the wish of a wide group of international educators to develop a curriculum that would resonate with people of many nations.  As such it has proved very successful and has long been a mainstay of international education.
    Henry Peterson

    • Cherilyn Eagar - November 4, 2013

      Henry, Thank you for your comment. I don’t ask my readers to simply believe what I have written. I do ask for further investigation if there is ever any question.

      I have researched the IB since the early 1990s and have written several white papers on it. I have a copy of the history of the IB written by its founding director, Alec Peterson, entitled Schools Across Frontiers which details the origins and evolution of the IB. (Perhaps you’re related to the author?) The book can be purchased at Amazon.com

      Chapter 2 – The Founding of the International Baccalaureate explains that the IB’s beginnings were with a group of Oxford/Cambridge-centered educators who established the first International School of Geneva, called “Ecolint” in 1924. The school was created to provide education for the children of diplomats who were employed through the League of Nations.

      The IB evolved from a series of subsequent projects that grew from and perpetuated the original concepts of Ecolint and the Atlantic College promoting an international school and diploma, and eventually producing curricula and tests called the International Baccalaureate Program.

      The advocates of the official “International Baccalaureate” included the same advocates of Ecolint and Atlantic. They included UNESCO and the Ford Foundation. Today UNESCO continues its support of IB, has identified it as one of its official partners and shares office space with the program.

      Thank you for fact-checking on a point that was consolidated intentionally for purposes of brevity on a 1/2 page flyer during the legislative session. To clarify, I amended the text accordingly to reflect this update. However this update changes nothing with regard to the intended point.

      If you find any other disagreement, please apprise.

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